Audit and control: Damage to public assets continue to be millionaires in Cuba

Date: 
03 April 2018
Audit and control: Damage to public assets continue to be millionaires in Cuba

The control actions carried out by the National Audit System detected that the damages to public property caused in the previous year continue to be millionaires, and even exceeded those discovered in 2016.

During the balance of work in 2017 conducted by the Comptroller General of the Republic, it was reported that the damages are mainly due to breaches of economic plans, debts of state companies with the State Budget, sub-declaration of contributions to the Treasury by subjects of non-state forms of management, accounts receivable and payable aged; and to a lesser extent because of damages due to shortages and loss of assets.

A complex issue, transcended, are the quantified damages in the budgeted activity, which exceed 300 million in total currency, mainly for the reasons mentioned.

With regard to that handicap in the business sector, where autonomy is gaining ground, the member of the Political Bureau of the Party and vice president of the State Council, Salvador Valdés Mesa, pointed out the weaknesses in some accounting systems and the delays in disaggregating the economic plans, breeding grounds for criminal acts.

He also recalled that when some of the companies and the cuentapropistas sub-declare to the treasury, they affect the welfare and development of the town.

Likewise, breaches of the legislation associated with contracting, private payments and fuel control were detected, aspects also analyzed during the 12th. National Verification to the Internal Control.

As stated Reynol Pérez Fonticoba, deputy comptroller general of the Republic, there are criminal chains that begin in the business sector and end with the diversion of resources to the non-state sector, so it is urgent to work with intentionality in everything concerning the origin and destination of resources.

    The report also warned of the increase in economic crimes. In 2017, 1,012 were detected, while 732 were reported in 2016. A similar situation occurs with the so-called follow-up cases: 915 in 2017 against 678 in 2016.

As it was recognized, the increases are given by a greater control of the possible criminal acts, as a result of actions executed under the protection of Resolution No. 20/2009 of the Ministry of Finance and Prices.

Due to these actions, including those of the 12th. National Verification, 5 658 disciplinary measures were applied to 1 237 managers, 1,370 executives and 3,051 workers. Of the measures taken, 209 were the collateral responsibility of 114 managers and 95 executives.

Regarding the work of the State Control Commission, it was learned that it analyzed issues of relevance in the area of ​​prevention and control in 2017, such as the occurrence of administrative corruption in internal trade entities, and the financial risks presented by the courier company and International change in terms of prevention and confrontation with money laundering and other crimes.

The Commission also worked with alleged criminal acts and administrative corruption associated with the misuse of the State Budget in several entities.

Vivianne García Castro, Comptroller-Chief of the Department of Population Assistance, explained that 935 complaints were received in this area, among these anonymous, which -he estimated- reflects failures and gaps in internal control in the places where they come from.

Salvador Valdés Mesa considered that it is necessary to avoid the formalization of the tendency to anonymity when denouncing a problem, because that is not healthy for the institutionality, and oriented to be rigorous with the inquiries about anonymous, because they are not always true.

Alina Vicente Gaínza, Deputy Comptroller General, warned about the preventive work and permanent training that must be exercised, because there are new rules and procedures in the business system that are not always dominated by administrations and auditors.

He asked the latter to process relevant cases to be analyzed in the State Control Commission, which is formed by all the main agencies and whose function is to control and evaluate the trends, causes and conditions of the negative manifestations.

"These new norms, valid for the socialist state enterprise, give greater autonomy, which does not mean anarchy; therefore, they must adjust to the internal control system, which has its own characteristics: flexibility, reasonableness and comprehensiveness, "he clarified.

Another serious problem analyzed was the reduction in the number of auditors in this system. It was learned that the staff of such specialists is only covered at 64 percent in the country, and that the number of them continues to decline.

Among the causes of this migration, he said, is the transfer to other forms of management, due to low wages. Valdés Mesa regretted that this is so, because they are people with a high level of preparation and very necessary in the fight against indiscipline and corruption.

Notwithstanding this deficit, he recognized the credible work of the Comptroller General's Office, which managed to fulfill the mission assigned to it by the National Assembly of People's Power and the control directives approved by the State Council for 2017.

The Comptroller General of the Republic and Vice President of the State Council, Gladys Bejerano Portela, said that each section analyzed in the balance sheet, each approach, will be reviewed to improve the work of the Comptroller in subsequent years.

The control actions carried out by the National Audit System detected that the damages to public property caused in the previous year continue to be millionaires, and even exceeded those discovered in 2016.

Marianela Martín González
http://www.cubadebate.cu
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